There are two parts in Indian cuisine like North Indian Cuisine and South Indian Cuisine. In South Indian Cuisine, rice is famous but Breads are famous in North Indian Cuisine. Indian breads are integral part of Indian cuisine. Their variation reveals the variety of Indian culture, food habits and characteristics.
There is wide variation of Indian breads to give you an idea about how the choices of people vary from one region to another.
Parotha is layered flatbread made by whole wheat dough and shallow frying on the flat griddle with ghee, butter or oil. It is most popular breads of Northern Indian cuisine. It is also made from all purpose flour. Its making procedure is similar to roti but thicker in Look and it folded at sides during flattening process. There are lots of varieties in Parotha Like Laccha parotha, Aloo Parotha etc. instead of eating plain parotha, you can also stuffed it with potatoes , cauliflowers, paneer Etc. to make more delicious. It is served with any curry, pickle, curd or butter.
Puri is unleavened a deep frying the flatbreads made with flour. Puri is made by flour (Whole wheat, all purpose flour and Semolina), oil and Salt. Puri is mostly served in Breakfast but also serves in snacks and light meal. It can be served with halwa, any curry, mix vegetables dishes, Korma or any sweets dish. It is made in special occasions and most of the festivals. There are huge variation of puri like Puffed puri or Punctured Puri. Puffed puri can be served with any curries or sweets dishes however punctured puri is used to making Chhat.
Bhatura is deep fried leavened breads made from all purpose flour, oil, curd and salt. It is basically from northern India. Bhatura is commonly served with chickpea curry (chole) called as Chole Bhature. It is fluffy and soft bread which is elastic and chewy. Bhatura is commonly served in street stall. But it also makes at home to celebrate special moments.
Roti is necessary flatbread in Northern Indian cuisine. Roti is made in every home of India for lunch and dinner. Roti is made using whole wheat flour, oil, water and salt which is cooked on flat griddle. It is also famous as phulka or Chapati. You can enjoy roti with cooked curries or vegetables. It is very easy to make and also used different flour to make variation of roti.
Naan is puffy and soft leavened flatbread which is traditionally baked in Tandoor. Tandoor is one type of oven which is made from clay.The heat was traditionally generated by a charcoal. It is basically from western and North India. It is prepared with refined flour, salt, curd and sugar. It is most famous all over the world and also served in all restaurant of the world. There are wide varieties in naan also. It can be stuffed with cheese, chilly, paneer or garlic. It can be served with any Punjabi gravy and vegetables or pulses curries. It is favorite in Indian people of all ages.
Kulcha is a traditionally Punjabi dish. It is leavened bread which is made from all purpose flour and particular popular in India. Kulcha is also available in different variation. And one of variation, Amritsari kulcha is popular from Punjab. In Restaurants, It is baked in Clay oven but In Indian home is cooked in Flat griddle.
Thepla is a lightly spicy flatbread made by mixture of wheat flour, fenugreek leaves, spices, curd and coriander leaves. It is from Guajarati cuisine. There are cooked on a preheated flat griddle in light oil. It is generally served in breakfast, and also as a snacks and light dinner. You can eat thepla with curd, pickle or any chutney.